Keeping Your Best Friend Active, Safe, and Pain Free
Controlling your dog’s pain is essential to his overall well-being. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS) are a class of drugs commonly used to control pain and inflammation in dogs. NSAIDs help many dogs lead more comfortable lives.
How are they beneficial to my dog? What are NSAIDs?
NSAIDs help to control signs of arthritis, including, inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. Inflammation- the body’s response to irritation or injury- is characterized by redness, warmth, swelling, and pain. NSAIDs work by blocking the production of prostaglandins, chemicals produced by the body that cause inflammation. Some NSAIDs may also be used to control the pain and inflammation following surgery.
Your veterinarian may prescribe an NSAID to treat the pain of osteoarthritis in your dog or to control pain following a surgical procedure.
Veterinary NSAIDs approved for use in dogs:
- ETOGESIC (etodolac)
- RIMADYL (carprofen)
- METACAM (meloxicam)
- DERAMAXX (deracoxib)
- PREVICOX (firocoxib)
- ZUBRIN (tepoxalin)
- NOVOX (carprofen)
In the United States, there are no veterinary NSAIDs approved for oral use in cats.
What side effects should you watch out for?
- Not eating or eating less
- Lethargy, depression, changes in behavior
- Diarrhea, black tarry-colored stool
- Yellowing of gums, skin, or the whites of the eyes
- Change in drinking
- Changes in skin (scabs, redness, or scratching)
What do I do if any of these symptoms occur?
If you suspect a possible side effect to an NSAID, STOP giving the drug to your dog and call your veterinarian immediately (225-767-2462).
What should you discuss with your veterinarian?
NSAIDs offer pain relief and improved quality of life to many dogs. However, before giving an NSAID, or any drug, you should first talk with your veterinarian. You should discuss:
- What the NSAID is being prescribed for
- How much to give and how long to give it.
- Possible side effects
- What to avoid while your dog is taking an NSAID.
- What tests are needed before giving an NSAID to your dog.
- How often should your dog be re-examined.
- Your dog’s previous medical history and any previous drug reactions.
- All medications and products your dog currently receives.
What should you know before giving your dog an NSAID?
- Never give aspirin or corticosteroids along with an NSAID to your dog.
- NSAIDs should be approached cautiously with dogs with kidney, liver, heart, and intestinal problems.
- Never give your dog a NSAID unless authorized by your veterinarian.
- Don’t assume an NSAID for one dog is safe to give to another dog. Always consult your veterinarian before using any medications on your pet.
- Only give the NSAID as prescribed by your veterinarian. Do not increase the dose, frequency, or the length of time you use the drug unless first discussing this with your veterinarian.
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